The project has been started with the identification of needs in terms of skills that are necessary to young farmers to interact with new agricultural scenarios. This forecast analysis has been based on outcomes of two surveys. The first one has been focused on the analysis of the post-2013 CAP in order to carry out an analysis of its impact on agricultural scenarios in consequence of change of policy orientations. The study has been supported by a reasoned consultation of both politic documents and scientific literature and has allowed to point out the areas of enterprise development which are mainly involved in these changes.
The second survey has been realized as an empirical research focused on the identification of most relevant learning needs of future agricultural entrepreneurs taking into consideration:the opinion of selected stakeholders (experts in the sectors of agriculture and vocational training);perceptions and representations of young farmers about the areas of enterprise development which are considered as central for European farms and about knowledge, competences and skills required to set up and manage a farm in an effective way within CAP scenarios.
At this purpose, 60 stakeholders and 120 young farmers have been interviewed in Italy, France, Spain, Hungary, Austria and Greece, as privileged witnesses within a framework of qualitative research. The interviews to stakeholders have allowed elaborating an identikit of the future agricultural entrepreneur in terms of knowledge, skills, competences and understandings needed to manage in an effective and efficient way the farm with reference to specific areas in a dimension of enterprise development.
The interviews to farmers and entrepreneurs have provided data and information for the construction of a repository of typical problems met in various European regions during the management of different areas connected with the farm so to extract indications and orientations on strengths and weaknesses for the identification of specific learning needs.
The data collected have been used for an in-depth elaboration in order to process through a comparative analysis:
· similarities and differences compared to different territorial and contextual configurations;
· expectations, motivations and awareness which characterize farmers in various countries.
In particular, we have focused on the difficulties that the average of EU farmers, in each Partner country, meets in the process of adapting to new CAP orientations.
The Report is a representative portrait of typical situations that can be considered exemplar cases to be taken into examination for further surveys on general contextual conditions of the agricultural entrepreneurship with EU scenarios.
The report is structured as a repertory of learning needs organized for knowledge, skills, competences and understandings to which sectoral trainers can access to orient in a more effective way the future offer training.